Historical Regrets for the Pai Father and Son:
Fact Discovery in “General Pai Chung-hsi and His Couplets of Loyalty”
關鍵詞：白崇禧（Pai Chung-Hsi）、白先勇、戰後台灣、二二八事件（February 28 Incident ）、宣慰台胞（ pacification of Taiwan people ）
In April, 2012, Hsien-yung Pai published a photography-based book Father and the Republic: Impressions of General Pai Chung-hsi simultaneously in Taiwan, Hong Kong and China. Pai stated that he spent more than a decade on historical research in order to write this work, which is both a biography of his father and a new look at Republican history. The book features hundreds of images, and the accompanying text gives a detailed account of the relationship between General Pai and the Republic of China. However, this book was simply a prelude for the follow-up publication of The Biography of Pai Chung-hsi.
Both books come in two volumes to present the life of Pai Chung-hsi, with each volume containing approximately the same number of pages. The first volume covers his military life on the Chinese mainland, and the second volume documents his 17 years in Taiwan. General Pai distinguished himself as a brilliant military commander of the forces for several decades in China, but then led a melancholy and lonely life in Taiwan. The author establishes historical connections between the second half of each biography and the issue of Republican history in Taiwan, and it is this issue that is examined in this paper.
More specifically, this study focuses on the relationship between General Pai and the February 28 Incident, the couplets that he wrote after this event and later was inscribed at Tainan Koxinga Shrine, and the actual historical facts underlying the narrative presented in the two biographies.
Keywords: Pai Chung-hsi, Pai Hsien-yung, Taiwan after World War II, February 28 Incident, Pacification of the Taiwanese people