Imaginary China and Anti-Communism Ideology in the Cold War Period:
A Case Study of Huang Fan’s The Station of Qingzhou and Zero
Huang Fan is generally considered to be a novelist of skepticism and political criticism. He is also recognized as an important pioneer of Taiwanese postmodern fiction. However, while writing his works of political skepticism and before becoming a “postmodernist”, Huang has also written fictions that carried the ideology of the Cold War and anti-Communism, which echoed the position of the KMT.
This article attempts to study Huang Fan’s work The Station of Qingzhou, and to outline the anti-Communist propaganda of mainstream media in the 70’s. I observe how this short story aestheticized and responded to the anti-Communist propaganda materials of the ruling party during the Martial
Law period, and emphasize that anti-Communist ideology was still deeply rooted in the day-to-day life after the Nativist Literature Debate. I consider the relationship between this Cold War anti-Communist discourse and Huang Fan’s later Si-Fi works, and probe the possibility of any deeper connection between this discourse and his political satire and postmodern turn through comparing
Zero, The Highest Guiding Principle of War and George Orwell’s 1984. Finally, I keep questioning whether these residue Cold War mentalities and anti-Communist ideology are still affecting our understanding of reality today.
Keywords: Huang Fan, The Station of Qingzhou, Cold War, anti-Communism, 1984